A speech outline: how to prepare a well-structured speech and communicate it effectively
Communicating means transmitting information. When you ask the restaurant waiter for the menu, when you give advice to a friend, in all these cases you are communicating. Public speaking, in effect, also means conveying information. A lecturer speaks at a conference to disseminate the results of his studies, a professional presents his colleagues with a report to inform them of the progress made. The expert speakers know that for a speech to be successful, it must be planned out. The goal of a speech’s outline is this: to accurately determine the meaning of the content you want to communicate and convey it to your audience in the most effective and memorable way. Drawing up a speech plan is the initial stage of working on the composition of the speech, on its logical structure, determining the order in which the material will be presented.
When preparing abstracts, you should avoid quotations, long lists of proper names, complex sentences of more than 2 lines, detailed explanations and everything that is not directly related to the goal. Write down only the most important facts and ideas.
A typical public speech structure consists of three parts: introduction, body of the speech, and conclusion. The introduction contains your main point and preliminary announcement of key points. It should grab the audience's attention immediately and convey what you are going to talk about.
The body is the main part of your speech and consists of the data and ideas you want to present. The amount of information you put into the body should be determined by the amount of time you have and the memory of the audience. The main body should contain clear facts, evidence, sensational statements, listed in an order corresponding to the topic (chronological, logical, cause and effect, concentrical method, etc.). In this part the use of visual materials is appropriate.
The end of the speech should be logically connected with its beginning. The conclusion should generalize those thoughts that were expressed in the main part of the speech. The last words of the speaker are especially important. They depend on the type of speech. A political speech can end with an appeal, a slogan. Policy paper will include suggestions for improvements, set new challenges.
After the first draft, read through the points and consider whether they will make sense to your listeners and readers. Cut out the superfluous parts, the unclear words, the complicated concepts, the repetitions. Control the logical concatenation of arguments and make sure you have always kept the focus of the speech.
Source: Achieving a structured, coherencical and ordered Speech by Outline writing. Retrieved from https://bookwormessays.com/achieving-a-structured-coherencical-and-ordered-speech-by-outline-writing/